Adachi, Ken. The Enemy That Never Was. Toronto: The Canadian Publishers, 1976.

Breen, David and Kenneth Goates. Vancouver's Fair: An Administrative and Political History of the Pacific National Exhibition, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1982.

Broadfoot, Barry. Years of Sorrow, Years of Shame. Toronto: Doubleday Canada Ltd., 1977.

Driedger, Leo. Race and Racism: Canada’s Challenge, (Montreal: McGuill-Queens Press, 2000.

Fukawa, Masako, Fukawa, Stanley & the Nikkei Fishermen History Book Committee. Spirit of the Nikkei Fleet, BC’s Japanese Canadian Fishermen, Harbour Publishing, 2009

Granatstein, J.L. Mutual Hostages: Canadians and Japanese during the Second World War, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Hickman, Pamela and Fukawa, Masako. Righting Canada’s Wrongs: Japanese Canadian Internment in the Second World War, James Lorimer & Company Ltd., Toronto, 2011.

Ishikawa, Wakako. Japanese-Canadian Education during the World War II Internment. Toronto: UofT Press, 2003. Thesis.

Ito, Roy. Stories of My People. Hamilton, 1994.

Japanese Canadian Centennial Project. A Dream of Riches: The Japanese Canadian 1877 – 1977, Japanese Canadian Centennial Project, Vancouver, 1978

Kitagawa, Muriel. This Is My Own. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1985.

Lang, Catherine. O-Bon in Chimunesu. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1996.

La Violette, Forrest. The Canadian Japanese and World War II: A Sociological and Psychological Account, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1948.

Medical aspects of evacuation days 1942-1946 (New Denver [B.C.] - Slocan). (c1979). Nakusp, BC: Arrow Lakes News.

Miki, Roy& Kobayashi, Cassandra. Justice in Our Time - The Japanese Canadian Redress Settlement, Talon Books, NAJC, Winnipeg, 1991

Moritsugu, Frank. Teaching in Canadian Exile. Toronto: The Ghost Town Teachers Historical Society, 2001.

Nakano, Takeo Ujo. Within the Barbed Wire Fence. Toronto: U of T Press, 1980.

Nikkei National Museum. Karizumai: A Guide to Japanese Canadian Internment Sites. Burnaby, Nikkei National Museum, 2013.

Oiwa, Keibo, ed. Stone Voices: Wartime Writings of Japanese Canadian Issei, Vehicule Press, Montreal. 1991

Roy, Granastein, Iino, Takamura. Mutual Hostages. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.                                

Roy, Patricia E. The Triumph of Citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada 1941-1967 (2007)

Shibata, Yuko. The Forgotten History of Japanese Canadians, New Sun Books, Vancouver, 1977

Sugiman, Pamela. "'Life is Sweet': Vulnerability and Composure in the Wartime Narratives of Japanese Canadians," Journal of Canadian Studies, Winter 2009, Vol. 43 Issue 1, pp 186–218

Sugiman, Pamela. "Memories of Internment: Narrating Japanese Canadian Women's Life Stories," Canadian Journal of Sociology, Summer 2004, Vol. 29 Issue 3, pp 359–388

Sugiman, Pamela. “These Feelings That Fill My Heart: Japanese Canadian Women’s Memories of Internment.” Oral History, 34 no. 2 (September 2006), 69 – 84.

Sunahara, Ann G. The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians during World War II, Toronto: James Lorimer & Co., 1981.

Takata, Toyo. Nikkei Legacy: The Story of Japanese Canadians from Settlement to Today, New Canada Publications, Toronto, 1983

Taylor, Mary. A Black Mark: Japanese-Canadians in World War II, Toronto: Oberon Press, 2004.
Thomson, Grace Eiko (ed). Re-shaping Memory Owning History: Through the Lens of Japanese Canadian Redress. British Columbia, Canada: Japanese Canadian National Museum, 2002.

Ward, Peter. The Japanese in Canada, Saint John, N.B.: Canadian Historical Association Press, 1982.

Online Resources

Densho – the Japanese American Legacy Project -

Harding, Jon. Hastings Park Internment Centre.

Knight, Rolf. A Man of Our Times. The life-history of a Japanese-Canadian fisherman, New Star Books, 1976 (available for free download from here)

Nikkei Images –

Nikkei National Museum – online collections database –

Reverend Yoshio Ono -

Sedai Project –

Sunahara, Ann Gomer. The Politics of Racism (James Lorimer and Company, 1981) – Chapter 3 has specific detailed information on Hastings Park and is available online -

The Bulletin – a journal of Japanese Canadian community.

Warbinek, Ethel and Glennis Zilm, TB Nurses in B.C. 1895-1960: A Biographical Dictionary, White Rock, 2006

Wikipedia – Japanese Canadian Internment


Hope, Chris. "Hatsumi: A Grandmother's Life Before and After the Japanese-Canadian Internment". 2013. Web. 25 November 2013. '

Folk, Cameron  Internment Camp-  – 3:25-9:50 contrasts photographs of Hasting Park during internment with current footage. (JCNM)

Kamitakahara, Alfie  Ohanashi: The Story of Our Elders –  -15:36-19:30 – Alfie recalls his 4 months in Hastings as a boy, needing a pass to visit mother, watching outside world, education. (JCNM)

Tabiji – Chinook Fire Prod. – Follows story of nurse Beth Shirley caring for JCs with TB, from Hastings Park to ‘San’ at New Denver.